Child vaccination, advances in treatment, and more coronavirus news

shot of Children are moving forward, vaccine instructions are in effect, and new treatments are showing promise. Here’s what you should know:

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A snapshot of kids is one step closer to the right approval where it’s needed most

This week, Pfizer-BioNTech submitted data from its pediatric Covid vaccine clinical trial to the Food and Drug Administration, meaning the shots may soon be available for children ages 5 to 11 in the United States. The need for this has It wasn’t more urgent. We now know that children can spread disease and become seriously ill. Last week, about 250,000 children across the United States contracted COVID-19. A new survey has found that parents increasingly on board With kids vaccinated: As of September, 34 percent of parents of 5- to 11-year-olds said they would get their kids vaccinated, up from 26 percent in July.

But even after the footage is approved, its distribution will constitute formidable challenge. Vaccines will likely be delivered to children in different locations and by different individuals than their adult counterparts. And they arrived at a time when the national conversation about vaccines is more politicized than ever, which could complicate matters further. For example, school clinics can be the easiest way to obtain shots logistically, but politically they are unlikely to be a widespread option.

Despite opposition, staff vaccine mandates are going into effect — and they’re working

As of earlier this week, health care workers in New York were required to be vaccinated to do their jobs. There has been some concern that implementing the vaccine mandate will lead to hospital staff shortages, but the new rules so far It seems to work mostly. On Sunday, Governor Cathy Hochhol announced that the number of nursing home workers who had been vaccinated rose from 70 percent to 92 percent before Monday’s deadline. Similar state Which took effect in California this week, boosted vaccination rates among health care workers to more than 90 percent as well.

However, these new rules have faced some backsliding. This week a judge ruled that New York must do just that Allow temporary exemptions For health care workers for religious reasons for wanting to remain unvaccinated. And I have a bunch of New York City teachers too Called to the Supreme Court To stop the city’s vaccine mandate for teachers before it begins Monday. As of this week, 89 percent of district employees have been vaccinated.

New research offers promising treatment and vaccine updates

Pharmaceutical company Merck said this week that its experimental oral antiviral drug Reducing hospitalizations and deaths by half Among unvaccinated people who have recently been infected. It might as well be Effective against known variants Including delta, because it does not target the virus’s spike protein, which distinguishes variants. The company said it plans to request permission soon. If approved by the FDA, it would be the first pill that can treat Covid-19, a significant achievement in An area where the search was lagging behind. Elsewhere, early-stage research frequently explores treatment options with the help of two unexpected types: llama and hamster.

Regarding vaccines, AstraZeneca released the long-awaited results of the US vaccine trial earlier this week, which found that the vaccine is 74 percent effective in preventing symptoms of the disease. Another clinical trial showed that it is perfectly safe to give the Pfizer or AstraZeneca Covid vaccines and flu shots. At the same time.

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One question

How has the pandemic affected bird watching?

In the midst of a pandemic, experienced bird watching unprecedented boom Where many people were trying to spend time in solitude and in the fresh air. As a result, citizen science initiatives have seen a boom in participation, with many people recording bird sightings in their neighbourhoods. For example, eBird, a database where people log species they’ve seen in place, saw a 40% increase in views in April 2020 compared to the previous year, more than double the app’s natural growth. This is great for scientists, but also a problem, because it can be difficult to tell if changes in the data are due to animal behavior or increased human involvement. In fact, there is some indication that future researchers will need to take pandemic-era changes into account when using this data.

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