While we look forward to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Artemis program to send people to the moon, there are already a larger target is seen: Mars.
For years, humanity has been dreaming of what the Red Planet has to offer, and we hope to see people land there in our lifetime. However, unlike other space missions, these people may not return to Earth for years, and NASA has already made its decision. where they will stay during this time.
NASA began planning the construction of a human habitat on Mars many years ago and even launched a public challenge in 2014 to put design concepts on a short list. Open to civilian designers, the challenge seeks ideas for 1,000 square feet (92.9 square meters) of living space that can support four astronauts for up to a year. Previous space missions have focused on providing only basic requirements, but when you are 244 million miles (374.4 million km) from home, you may need much more than the essentials.
NASA finally chose the design, which was presented by Hassel Studio, an architectural firm, and Eckersley O’Callaghan, an engineering design team. Their presentation is quite different from other concepts you have seen before and does not stand out on the surface of Mars. And there is a good reason for that.
The Martian surface is no more favorable than the one we have on Earth; by building an outer shell, the team wants to ensure the safety of astronauts against radiation and dust storms.
It only makes sense to use Martian soil to construct such a shell, and the team proposes to send an army of robots in advance to determine a suitable site and begin construction.
Flexible in their function, these robots can work individually or in swarms to perform the tasks leading to shell construction, which is likely to be achieved by 3D printing.
Once the outer shield is ready, the astronauts can arrive together inflatable pods in which the living and working spaces will be housed, which will serve as their home away from home, the designers suggest.