SCEINCE

The world’s largest floating solar farm has already opened in Thailand

The world’s largest floating solar farm has already started operating on the Sirindhorn Dam. Lam Dom Noi river in Thailand. The dam has a capacity to generate 45 MW of energy using its solar panels, confirmed by the Thai Electricity Generating Authority (EGAT) in press release.

The news comes after the country began advancing its carbon neutrality goals by 15 years. IN At the UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, United Kingdom, Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha promised that his country would achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, long before the previously set target date of 2065. local average reported. The Communication is an important move, given that two thirds of Thailand’s current electricity production comes from natural gas.

According to a Report on Bloomberg, Thailand generates up to 114,000 GW of energy from natural gas, while renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and hydropower contribute to less than 10 percent of the nation’s current electricity needs. The rest comes from coal, which also makes a major contribution to emissions. As a first step to change this discrepancy, Thailand introduced the world’s largest floating solar farm.

The farm has seven large panels of photovoltaic cells, which are located at an angle to the platform. This allows sunlight to pass into the water without affecting the underwater environment. The area of ​​the panel, approximately the same as 70 football fields, actually occupies only one percent of the surface of the tank, but will help save 460,000 cubic meters of water that is lost during evaporation each year, the press release said.

The farm, which consists of 145,000 panels, is made of ecological material to ensure that the environment of the tank is not disturbed. The water surface will ensure that the panels do not heat up too much and will remain up to 15 percent more efficient than if they were installed on land.

Built at $ 34 million, the farm has a capacity of 45 MW. Interestingly, the designers have also included three turbines that can penetrate the running water of the tank to generate energy when there is no sunlight or when the peak energy demand is high. The energy management system (EMS) used in solar farm operates after receiving data from the weather forecasting system to ensure stability during electricity generation.

EGAT plans to open the solar farm to the public to spark interest in the technology, as well as create environmentally sustainable jobs in the region. The organization already has 15 more such projects in its project, which, when completed, will increase Thailand’s electricity generation capacity by 2,725 MW, the press release added.





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