SCEINCE

A Swedish company has created the world’s first fully recycled EV battery

Electric cars are becoming more sustainable.

This is evidenced by a Swedish company that announced that it has successfully recycled a lithium-ion battery containing a nickel-manganese-cobalt (NMC) cathode, using only metals recovered from battery waste, according to press release from the company.

Called Northvolt, the company claims that its Revolt recycling program became the first to recycle an EV battery using 100% recycled materials.

The Giga recycling site will recycle 125,000 tons of batteries per year

All Northvolt recycling and production measures take place in one place, within its laboratories in Vasteras, Sweden. And this is a significant breakthrough for the global battery industry as it seeks to make the nascent EV industry truly sustainable. So far, even Tesla vehicles have not been sustainable. In fact, lithium-ion batteries require extensive extraction of raw materials, which counteracts the sustainable incentive of completed vehicles. In other words, electric cars have a simple move the contaminant up the mounting circuit, from driving consumers to producing the parts needed for EV. But the recycling process can recover up to 95% of the metals in batteries, maintaining a level of cleanliness comparable to “raw” materials, said in a statement the Chief Environmental Officer Emma Nerenheim of Northvolt. The next step is to see if Northvolt and other companies can scale new recycling processes in preparation for the upcoming larger recycling of batteries.

The recycled cobalt, manganese and nickel used in the new battery cell were collected from the battery waste by low-energy hydrometallurgical treatment, which includes the use of an aqueous solution to isolate the metals and empty them of other impurities. The next step for Northvolt involves the production of cells with 50% recycled material on an industrial scale by 2030. In line with this goal, the giant-scale Revolt Ett recycling plant in Skellefteå, Sweden, will be expanded after its previous design to free up space. to recycle 125,000 tons of batteries each year.

Approximately 250,000 tons of batteries for electric vehicles will reach the end of their lives in 2030.

This will make Revolt Ett the largest battery recycling plant in Europe, in addition to the only large-scale recycling plant that can reuse lithium, cobalt, manganese and nickel, in addition to other metals. They will provide materials for the neighboring Northvolt Ett giga cell plant with enough supplies to build 30 GWh of battery production each year, which is half of Nortvolt Ett’s total annual cell production. Other metals recovered from Revolt Ett will include aluminum, copper and plastics and all of them can be recycled into production streams through third party companies. “As the electric vehicle revolution is gaining momentum, we must keep in mind that around 250,000 tonnes of batteries will reach the end of their lives in Europe by 2030,” Nerenheim said in a statement. “Some see challenges and obstacles in this. At Northvolt we see opportunities. Similar to the way we found new, sustainable solutions for handling Northvolt Ett’s salt by-product – treating it as a valuable product, not a waste – the same is true with expired batteries. “

“Ultimately, the commitment to circularity will not only significantly reduce the environmental impact of the battery industry, but will also contribute to our vision of setting a new benchmark for sustainability in manufacturing,” Nerenheim added. This is an important step in a fast-growing industry. In August, Tesla said can recycle 92% of battery materials, after recovering 1,300 tonnes of nickel in 2020. The only loose string in the EVS sustainable range, once the batteries reach 100% sustainable in scale, will be the energy itself that powers electric cars, as much of the power you get to say, a charging station, is generated in fossil fuel power plants. Step by Step.





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